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HyperText Markup Language (HTML) enables users to structure paragraphs, links, and sections using tags, elements, and attributes.
Because HTML cannot build dynamic functionality, it is often not considered a programming language. To get a better understanding of HTML, a breakdown of the abbreviation will help.
Hypertext is organized text designed to connect related items. Markup is a series of markings or guides that inform the web of the structure of a document. Language, on the other hand, helps computer systems to understand commands.
HTML features multiple codes and markup symbols inserted into a file shared on the internet. Essentially, it tells browsers how to display content on the internet.
How Does HTML Work?
As aforementioned, HTML tells the browsers how to display webpages and their content, whether text or images. The user starts with creating an HTML document using a text editor. In the document, the user integrates an HTML element using HTML tags.
HTML tags are a series of markers that inform the browser on how to display text. On completing the document, the user can save it as an HTML file and open it in their browser. The browser reads the file and follows the guide on page display in alignment with the HTML tags.
A good example is the bold tags <b>. This essentially means the text is to be displayed in bold on the browser. The tags are not rendered on the browser, but the browser displays the code line as per the instructions.
HTML has a wide range of applications.
1. Data Entry
You can use HTML to support data entry tasks to create forms for data collection. Users can add tags highlighting the required data, fields, text, and even formats. Through HTML5, the user can create new attributes to steer a wide range of data entry experiences for enhanced data collection.
2. Development of Web Pages
This is the most common HTML use, and as aforementioned, HTML plays a critical role in determining the display of web pages on the internet.
Note that all web pages include HTML tags and hyperlinks. Every page on the web features an HTML code. It is the building block of a web page and creates the frame through which the web page will appear. This explains why HTML is among the first languages that developers learn.
3. Game Development
Game developers use HTML for their game development projects. Using the current version of HTML, developers can build games from scratch with just the support of a text editor and browser. Developers can create simple games using HTML5, which does not require installation, making them readily available on the browser regardless of your operating system.
Some of the benefits derived from HTML game development include; the ability to update the games anytime and the creation of responsive games.
Developers can also create games that can be played anytime and anywhere, thanks to the lack of installation restrictions.
4. Internet Navigation
HTML allows the most revolutionary internet navigation where a text references other texts or pages on the web. Essentially, it supports the embedding of hyperlinks. Websites use them for link building, driving traffic, and enhancing brand awareness.
HTML through link building also enhances web pages navigation and the overall user experience.
HTML5, the current version of the language, features multiple tools and application programming interfaces. These equip it for widespread applications.
Pros and Cons of HTML
HTML is a common choice for web development and a wide range of applications. Project managers and web developers prefer the language for the benefits it offers. While that is the case, it is also essential to acknowledge that HTML, like other languages, has some drawbacks.
The advantages of HTML
1. Easy To Use And Learn
HTML is easy to use and learn, making it an attractive choice for businesses and developers. It is among the first languages learned in web development courses and features simple tags that developers at all levels can be comfortable with.
HTML is not case sensitive, something that makes it easy to use. Users can change the code, understand other developers’ codes, and change them if need be, without struggle. Suppose the user makes some code errors, they will not create magnanimous problems as usually witnessed with other programming languages.
2. Integration With Other Languages
3. HTML is Free
One of the most significant benefits of HTML is that it is free. This can reduce the cost of development.
It does not need specific software or plugins. It is, therefore, a cost-effective option for businesses.
Disadvantages of HTML
1. Does Not Produce Dynamic Output
As aforementioned, HTML does not produce dynamic output, something that contests its position as a programming language. HTML is a static language and, therefore, cannot be used to create content that changes with user interactions. Hence, it is not used to create content targeted at specific audiences.
While HTML is easy to use and learn, it can be time-consuming. The user needs to write a lot of code for the simplest web pages. Additionally, users have to maintain the structure, color scheme, forms, and tables, which can be demanding on time.
You can create interactive web pages and games with HTML. You can also use it for link building through hyperlinks. Understanding the key benefits and drawbacks of the language will inform your choice for your project. It will also help you identify other programming languages you can use together with HTML.
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