How to restart SSH securely [SSH reboot]

Learn how to restart SSH on your server with our step-by-step guide easily. Whether you're troubleshooting connectivity issues or updating your configuration, our instructions will help you quickly and safely restart SSH and regain secure access to your system.

Updated: 19 Apr, 23 by Susith Nonis 7 Min

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SSH, or Secure Shell, is a network communication protocol that allows two computers to interact and exchange data. The connection between the two machines is secured by default via ssh, making it acceptable for usage on insecure networks. SSH is frequently used to "login" and execute operations on distant computers, but it may also be used for data transmission. Today we are going to learn How to restart ssh?

To answer How to restart ssh? We need to know what ssh is. SSH, also known as Secure Shell or Secure Socket Shell, is a network protocol that allows users, notably system administrators, to access a computer securely over an insecure network.

SSH is also the name of a collection of tools that implement the SSH protocol. Secure Shell supports strong password and public key authentication and encrypted data transmission between two computers connected through an open network like the Internet.

Network administrators commonly use SSH to administer systems and programs remotely, allowing them to log in to another computer via a network, execute instructions, and transfer data from one machine to another.

SSH refers to the cryptographic network protocol and the programs that implement it. It employs the client-server architecture, linking a Secure Shell client program, and displays the session to an SSH server, which operates the whole session. Support for application protocols used for terminal emulation or file transfers is frequently included in SSH implementations.

SSH may also construct secure tunnels for other application protocols, such as remotely running X Window System graphical sessions. By default, an SSH server listens on the standard Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) port 22.

Secure Shell was designed to replace insecure terminal emulation and login applications like Telnet, rlogin (remote login), and rsh (remote shell). SSH allows the same operations on remote computers, such as logging in and running terminal sessions. SSH may replace file transfer tools like FTP and rcp (remote copy).

SSH is most commonly used to connect to a remote host for a terminal session. That command takes the following form:


SSH is present in all data centers and comes standard with every Unix, Linux, and Mac server. SSH connections have been used to secure various communications between a local workstation and a remote host, including remote access to resources, remote command execution, software patch and update delivery, and other administrative or management duties.

SSH controls routers, server hardware, virtualization platforms, operating systems (OSes), systems administration and file transfer programs and establishes a secure channel between local and remote computers.

The SSH keys, designed to be convenient and function across organizational boundaries, allow single sign-on (SSO) so that users can move between accounts without having to type a password each time.

SSH performs more than only authenticating via an encrypted connection while playing critical roles in identity and access management. Its transmission is always encrypted. Users' actions are private, whether sharing a file, surfing the web, or performing a command.

Before we get into ssh commands and learn how to restart ssh, it’s not wrong to look at its disadvantages. SSH businesses should look at solutions to control host keys saved on client computers. These keys can amass over time, especially for information technology (IT) personnel who require remote host access for administrative purposes.

Because the data stored in an SSH known hosts file can be used to gain authenticated access to remote systems, organizations should be aware of their existence and have a standard process in place for retaining control over the files, even after a system is taken offline, as the hard drives may have this data stored in plaintext.

Shellshock, a security flaw in the Bash command processor, can be performed through SSH, but it is a Bash flaw, not an SSH one.

Poor key management is the most dangerous to SSH users. Organizations can lose control over who may access which resources. Besides, when SSH keys are not created, turned, and removed manually, primarily when SSH is used in automated application-to-application operations, everything is out of the user's hands.

While there are graphical models of SSH, the application is often run via the command line or as part of a script. When run without arguments, such as a destination host or user ID, the ssh command produces a list of SSH command parameters and options.

The most basic SSH command is to run the software and specify the destination host name or Internet Protocol (IP) address:


This will establish a connection to the target, The destination host will react by requesting a password for the user ID associated with the account in which the client is executing. In other words, if the user ID is LYSM, the remote host will request a password for the account LYSM on the remote system.

Besides this basic command, you can use the commands below:

  • Sshd
  • Ssh-keygen
  • Ssh-copy-id
  • Ssh-agent
  • Ssh-add
  • Scp
  • Sftp

The restart sshd command is as follows: (you must log in as root user). You must execute the command following your Linux distribution or Unix variation.

For CentOS us:

$ sudo systemctl restart sshd

As for Debian and Ubuntu, you have multiple options:

/etc/init.d/ssh restart

service ssh restart

sudo service ssh restart

sudo systemctl restart ssh

On Windows, SSH is usually implemented using the OpenSSH server. To restart the OpenSSH server on Windows, you can follow these steps:

Open a PowerShell console with administrator privileges. You can do this by right-clicking on the PowerShell icon and selecting "Run as administrator."

Type the following command to stop the OpenSSH server:

Stop-Service sshd

Wait for a few seconds to ensure that the service has stopped. You can confirm this by running the following command:

Get-Service sshd

This should display the status of the sshd service as "Stopped". Now, type the following command to start the OpenSSH server:

Start-Service sshd

Wait for a few seconds to ensure that the service has started. You can confirm this by running the following command:

Get-Service sshd

This should display the status of the sshd service as "Running". Once the service is restarted, you can connect to the OpenSSH server using an SSH client.

We are at the end of this article and hope you’ve learned all you wanted to know. We tried to cover every detail and aspect of restarting ssh. Now it’s your time! Did you ever restart your ssh service? Do you know any other way to restart ssh? If yes, please share it with us in the comment section.

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Susith Nonis

Susith Nonis

I'm fascinated by the IT world and how the 1's and 0's work. While I venture into the world of Technology, I try to share what I know in the simplest way with you. Not a fan of coffee, a travel addict, and a self-accredited 'master chef'.