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Top 10 New Technology Trends in 2021 [You Must Know]

The past decade has given us many new technologies and made older ones more viable to consumer use and thus allowed them to gain popularity. This blog is our recap of the tech that we believe drastically changed the world for the better.

12 Mar, 21 by Antoniy Yushkevych 17 min Read

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The last decade has been rich with technological advancements in both hardware and software. Thanks to the plethora of new technologies and their profound effect on the way people live nowadays, the world looks much more different now. Not only are the devices we use today better than what we could imagine at the beginning of this decade, but even the sites we now visit daily look and run completely differently.  So if you want to learn about new technologies which have developed and changed the world from last decade then read this guide as we will provide complete details on the new technologies emerging in the new era.

  • Artificial Intelligence (AI)

There is a reason why you may hear renowned IT specialists say that artificial intelligence is the future. Making a computer or a machine perform a task that usually requires human intelligence is a good way to automate many daily tasks and generally make life easier. One such technology that can be seen in most modern cars is adaptive cruise control, which maintains a constant moving speed, keeps the car in its lane, and even breaks if it sees a possible danger in front of the vehicle. It can't be argued that this AI makes those long car trips much more bearable.

In computer science, artificial intelligence (AI), sometimes called machine intelligence, is intelligence demonstrated by machines, in contrast to the natural intelligence displayed by humans. Leading AI textbooks define the field as the study of "intelligent agents": any device that perceives its environment and takes actions that maximize its chance of successfully achieving its goals.

The term "artificial intelligence" is often used to describe machines that mimic "cognitive" functions that humans associate with the human mind, such as "learning" and "problem-solving". As machines become increasingly capable, tasks considered to require "intelligence" are often removed from the definition of AI, a phenomenon known as the AI effect. For instance, optical character recognition is frequently excluded from things considered to be AI since it has become a standard technology.

  • Global Positioning System (GPS)

Just imagine traveling somewhere new by car or foot without Google Maps or other similar navigation apps. Although it has now become a way more sophisticated system than just GPS, its core technology relies on the global positioning system.

The Global Positioning System, originally known as NAVSTAR GPS, is a satellite-based radio navigation system owned by the United States government and operated by the United States Air Force. It is a global navigation satellite system that provides geolocation and time information to a GPS receiver anywhere on or near the Earth. There is an unobstructed line of sight to four or more GPS satellites.

The GPS does not require the user to transmit any data, and it operates independently of any telephone or internet reception. However, these technologies can enhance the usefulness of GPS positioning information. The United States government created the system, maintains it, and makes it freely accessible to anyone with a GPS receiver.

  • Self-driving Cars

Self-driving vehicles are cars or trucks in which human drivers are never required to take control to operate the vehicle safely. Also known as autonomous or "driverless" cars, they combine sensors and software to control, navigate, and drive the vehicle.

Currently, there are no legally operating, fully-autonomous vehicles in most of the world. There are, however, partially-autonomous vehicles—cars and trucks with varying amounts of self-automation, from conventional cars with brake and lane assistance to highly-independent, self-driving prototypes.

Though still in its infancy, self-driving technology is becoming increasingly common and could radically transform our transportation system (and, by extension, our economy and society). Based on automaker and technology company estimates, level 4 self-driving cars could be for sale in the next several years.

  • Virtual Reality (VR)

Once a science fiction product, virtual reality is now a very real thing thanks to advancements in display, camera, and motion-sensing technologies. Originally designed to be for entertainment, it is now being used for educational purposes and even 3D design and modeling.

Virtual reality is a simulated experience that can be similar to or completely different from the real world. Applications of virtual reality can include entertainment and educational purposes. Other distinct types of VR-style technology include augmented reality and mixed reality. Currently, standard virtual reality systems use virtual reality headsets or multi-projected environments to generate realistic images, sounds, and other sensations that simulate a user's physical presence in a virtual environment.

 A person using virtual reality equipment is able to look around the artificial world, move around in it, and interact with virtual features or items. The effect is commonly created by VR headsets consisting of a head-mounted display with a small screen in front of the eyes and created through specially designed rooms with multiple large screens.

  • 3D Technology

Do you remember the days when seeing a 3D movie in a theater was something special? Nowadays, you can easily watch just about any movie or show recorded in 3D from your home computer or TV. All you need is just a pair of 3D glasses, but what is 3D?

In simple words, 3D technology stands for three-dimensional. The use of 3D technology in TVs, laptops, and other products is growing because the basic content required to support such products includes sports and movies. Lately, technology has successfully earned momentum as a valid, widely adopted entertainment technology.

In order to make objects appear as if they are in the third dimension, 3D cameras use a trick. This is the same one that our actual eyes and brain use to allow people to see depth and distance. There are two cameras set at a specific distance apart and record the content, which is then overlaid in post-production. When projected onto the screen, the glasses worn by the viewers combine the double-image into a single one, allowing them to see it as a three-dimensional object.

  • Space Tourism

Space tourism is a human space travel for recreational purposes. There are several different types of space tourism, including orbital, suborbital, and lunar space tourism. To date, orbital space tourism has been performed only by the Russian Space Agency. Work also continues towards developing suborbital space tourism vehicles.

This is being done by aerospace companies like Blue Origin and Virgin Galactic. Besides, SpaceX announced in 2018 that they plan to send space tourists on a free-return trajectory around the Moon on the Starship. From 2001 to 2009, 7 space tourists made eight space flights aboard a Russian Soyuz spacecraft brokered by Space Adventures to the International Space Station. The publicized price was in the range of US$200–250 million per trip. Some space tourists have signed contracts with third parties to conduct certain research activities while in orbit.

  • 4G and 5G

Simply put, 4G is defined as the fourth generation of mobile technology, which follows the 2G and 3G networks that came before it. It is currently the most advanced technology that’s adopted by the majority of mobile network service providers. Standard 4G offers download speeds of around 14 Mbps, which is almost five times faster than its predecessor, the 3G network, was able to offer. 4G networks can reach speeds as high as 150 Mbps.

As it can be guessed, 5G is the fifth generation of mobile network technology. It promises mobile data speeds that far outstrip the fastest home broadband network currently available to consumers. With speeds of up to 100 gigabits per second, 5G is set to be as much as 100 times faster than 4G.

  • Solid State Drives (SSDs)

Solid State Drives (SSDs) are a type of computer storage that took over from Hard Disk Drives (HDDs). Although they were originally invented in the 1990s, only within the last decade did they become the industry standard for consumer machines. Since they do not utilize moving components, not only are they much faster than traditional spinning drives, but they are also considered more reliable. A typical 7200 RPM HDD will have read/write speeds of anywhere between 80 and 160 MB/s, while an SSD will deliver speeds ranging from 200 to 550 MB/s.

Despite such large performance improvements, there are still areas where hard drives outclass SSDs. A traditional hard drive will store larger amounts of data than an SSD can on a single drive. The largest solid-state drives nowadays store up to 2TB of data, which is nowhere near the 16TB the largest HDDs can store. That, combined with much lower costs of hard drives, makes the spinning drives optimal for enterprise and server configurations.

  • Blockchain

The 2010s saw a significant boom in cryptocurrency popularity and use. Just about anyone who is an adept internet user has heard of Bitcoin, and even those who have never used it have a general idea of what it is. The technology that allowed Bitcoin and over a thousand other cryptocurrencies to exist and flourish is blockchain.

A blockchain is a growing list of records, called blocks, that are linked using cryptography. Each block contains a cryptographic hash of the previous block, a timestamp, and transaction data. By design, a blockchain is resistant to modification of the data. It is "an open, distributed ledger that can record transactions between two parties efficiently and in a verifiable and permanent way". For use as a distributed ledger, a blockchain is typically managed by a peer-to-peer network collectively adhering to a protocol for inter-node communication and validating new blocks.

Once recorded, the data in any given block cannot be altered retroactively without altering all subsequent blocks, which requires consensus of the network majority. Although blockchain records are not unalterable, blockchains are generally considered secure by design. This drops the need for a central server and thus makes transactions more secure and anonymous. If you wish to learn more about cryptocurrencies, check out this guide.

  • Cloud Technology

Online storage is the new standard for backups, but renting out an entire server to store all your data gets fastly priced, especially if you have lots of it. This is the primary reason cloud storage was invented. Storing stuff on the cloud is nothing new. However, cloud computing which is getting extra computer resources is a huge leap in the past decade.

Cloud computing is the on-demand availability of computer system resources, especially data storage and computing power, without the user's direct active management. The term is generally used to describe data centers available to many users over the Internet. Large clouds, predominant today, often have functions distributed over multiple locations from central servers.

Clouds may be limited to a single organization or be available to many organizations. Cloud computing relies on sharing of resources to achieve coherence and economies of scale. Advocates of public and hybrid clouds note that cloud computing allows companies to avoid or minimize up-front IT infrastructure costs. There are a few different types of cloud computing, and to learn more about each in detail, check out this blogpost we previously wrote.

  • Mars "Curiosity" Rover

Curiosity is a car-sized rover designed to explore the crater Gale on Mars as part of NASA's Mars Science Laboratory mission. Curiosity was launched from Cape Canaveral on November 26, 2011, at 15:02 UTC and landed on Aeolis Palus inside Gale on Mars on August 6, 2012, 05:17 UTC. The Bradbury Landing site was less than 2.4 km from the center of the rover's touchdown target after a 560 million km journey. The rover's goals include:

  • An investigation of the Martian climate and geology.
  • An assessment of whether the selected field site inside Gale has ever offered environmental conditions favorable for microbial life, including an investigation of water's role.
  • Planetary habitability studies in preparation for human exploration.

In December 2012, Curiosity's two-year mission was extended indefinitely. On August 5, 2017, NASA celebrated the fifth anniversary of the Curiosity rover landing.

  • Drones

Although originally designed for purely military applications, nowadays, drones perform a myriad of different functions. A drone is a style of aircraft that doesn't require a pilot to be present inside it. In most cases, they are remotely controlled. However, automated ones do also exist. Here are some more peaceful applications for drone usage.

In an interview with CBS's "60 Minutes," Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos said about 86 percent of the orders the online retailer ships weigh less than 5 pounds. That's lightweight enough to be delivered by drone. Amazon is now testing autonomous aircraft that can drop a book or a pair of shoes at your home within 30 minutes of receiving an order.

Some 1.3 billion to 2.1 billion people on the planet don't have access to essential medicines. The World Health Orga­ni­za­tion says, often because they live in hard-to-reach places. To address that concern, California drone maker Zipline signed a deal with Rwanda's government last February to shuttle supplies to remote areas on demand. With "Zip" drones, which cover a roughly 50-mile radius, a health center in Rwanda can send a text message to order blood for a patient with severe malaria-related anemia, and it shows up via parachute within 40 minutes.

  • 3D Technology

Do you remember the days when seeing a 3D movie in a theater was something special? Nowadays, you can easily watch just about any movie or show recorded in 3D from your home computer or TV. All you need is just a pair of 3D glasses.

In simple words, 3D technology stands for three-dimensional. The use of 3D technology in TVs, laptops, and other products is growing because the basic content required to support such products includes sports and movies. Lately, the technology has successfully earned momentum as a valid, widely adopted entertainment technology.

In order to make objects appear as if they are in the third dimension, 3D cameras use a trick. This is the same one that our actual eyes and brain use to allow people to see depth and distance. There are two cameras set at a specific distance apart and record the content, which is then overlaid in post-production. When projected onto the screen, the glasses worn by the viewers combine the double-image into a single one, allowing them to see it as a three-dimensional object.

  • Robots with A.I.

Although both terms: robots and A.I., are quite hard to define as they can both encompass many different technologies, machines, and computer programs, robots with artificial intelligence capabilities do exist and are being used in modern-day applications. Some modern robots can learn in a limited capacity. They recognize if a certain action achieved the desired result. 

The robot stores this information and attempts the successful action the next time it encounters the same situation. Again, modern computers can only do this in very limited situations. They can't absorb any information as a human can. Some robots can even interact socially. Kismet, a robot at M.I.T.'s Artificial Intelligence Lab, recognizes human body language and voice inflection and responds appropriately. 

Kismet's creators are interested in how humans and babies interact, based only on tone of speech and visual cues. This low-level interaction could be the foundation of a human-like learning system. Although we are still quite far from completely autonomous self-thinking robots, the past decade has been a step in the right direction in improving the learning and decision-making capabilities of robots.

  • Raspberry Pi

The Raspberry Pi is a small, credit-card-sized computer used with a standard mouse and keyboard. It can use a computer monitor or a TV as an output. Amazingly, while being in such a small package, it can still deliver a desktop personal computer's full functionality. The original model became far more popular than anticipated, selling outside its target market for uses such as robotics. It does not include peripherals or cases. However, some accessories have been included in several official and unofficial bundles.

So it was the complete details upon top 15 new technologies which are pushing the boundaries and changing innovations into reality. New technologies are always part of the new era as they play a major role in developing things for easier outputs. We have included these details with doing appropriate research, so if you like our information, then please visit our Monovm website as we offer multiple services such as VPS hosting, dedicated server, web hosting, and many more. 

Antoniy Yushkevych

Master of word when it comes to technology, internet and privacy. I'm also your usual guy that always aims for the best result and takes a skateboard to work. If you need me, you will find me at the office's Counter-Strike championships on Fridays or at a.yushkevych@monovm.com
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2021, Aug, 21

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