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Linux is a free and open-source Operating System whose source code is available for everyone to modify for commercial and non-commercial uses under the General Public License (GNU). Initially, the Linux operating system was designed for personal computers, but it has now expanded to include supercomputers, mainframe computers, servers, and other devices.
In the previous two decades, Linux has gained a lot of popularity and efficiency, with GNU Linux now powering most commercial servers. Now even regular users adopt Linux as their primary operating system, and various companies include Linux as a pre-installed OS on their devices because it is entirely free. In this blog, we will discover the top 10 features of Linux along with other required information.
Components of Linux System
A typical Linux system contains the following components:
- Hardware layer: This layer comprises all the peripheral devices such as (RAM/ HDD/ CPU etc.).
- Kernel: It is Linux's main component and is also in charge of many of the LINUX operating system's functions. It communicates with hardware directly and delivers low-level operations to upper-layer elements.
- Shell/GCC: It is a user-to-kernel interface that hides the complexities of the kernel's operations from users. Shell processes the user's command and performs the kernel's functions.
- Application Software: The desktop environment that comes with your Linux OS or that you choose to install will not be able to meet all of your application requirements; there are far too many. Therefore, individual applications are installed. Most Linux distributions, such as Ubuntu, come with dedicated app stores to find and install software.
- Bootloader: Computers go through a startup process known as booting. This boot process requires instruction, and your operating system is in charge of it. The bootloader for your operating system precedes the process when you turn on your computer.
- Background services: Also known as "daemons," these small systems serve as workers in the background, assuring that critical tasks such as scheduling, publishing, and multimedia work properly. They begin to run once the user logs in into the computer or right after the system gets booted.
Top 10 Features of Linux Operating System
1. Portable Environment
Linux software operates flawlessly on a variety of hardware platforms. Without the worry of incompatibility, individuals can use Linux operating system on any device. It runs the same way on both high-end and low-end hardware.
2. Free and Open-Source
Its source code is available for anybody to use and alter. Many developers collaborate in organizations to improve and strengthen Linux, and lots of developers constantly work on updating the Linux system.
3. Shell/ Command-line Interface
The Linux system includes essential programs that users can utilize in order to issue commands to the operating system for executing the design flawlessly. You may also direct it to carry out various forms of commands for effectively carrying out the applications.
4. End-to-end encryption
Authentication can help you keep your data protected. Before you may access some critical files, the Linux Operating System requires you to enter a password. Furthermore, the Linux environment allows users to encrypt their data.
5. Graphical User Interface (GUI)
Linux Operating System comes with Graphical User Interface (GUI) abilities in the same way you can with Windows. Similarly, users can install the programs, and the computer graphics will begin to work in the same way that Windows does.
6. Configure Keyboards into Different Languages
Because Linux is available in various languages, it is simple to use it worldwide. As a result, you can change the language on your keyboard as per your preference.
7. Frequent New Updates
Software updates are controlled by the users in Linux. Individuals have the option to pick and choose which updates are required, and there are a plethora of system updates accessible. These upgrades happen considerably more quickly than on other operating systems. Therefore, system upgrades can be deployed without difficulty.
8. Lightweight Infrastructure
Linux is a highly lightweight operating system. Linux has far fewer prerequisites than any other operating system, has a smaller memory footprint, and uses less storage space. Typically, you'll find a Linux Distro with only 128MB of RAM and around the same amount of disc space.
9. Extremely Flexible
Linux is highly flexible, and a variety of desktop applications, embedded systems, and server applications can benefit from the same. It also offers a number of computer-specific limitation settings for admins to allow only essential components to get installed.
10. Best For Developers
Linux supports nearly every popular programming language, including C/C++, Java, Python, Ruby, etc. Furthermore, it provides a wide range of development-related applications.
A majority of developers all around the world prefer the Linux terminal over the Windows command line. On a Linux system, the package manager aids programmers in understanding how things are performed. It also comes with features like bash scripting and supports SSH that aids in the speedy management of servers.
Latest Mind-boggling Linux Trends
After hardware tools like Chromebooks and Rasberry Pi drew the attention of a particular audience, the Linux platform has been in the spotlight. These Linux-based components are breaking new ground as the days pass because of their ability to perform routine tasks with ease. Recently, Linux saw a number of advanced adaptations, and one of them is Purism Librem 5.
It is an innovative take on mobile phones that focus solely on privacy. Looking at the new universe of customers these hardware solutions have tapped into, Linux will likely bring a slew of new hardware devices to market in upcoming years.
Entrance Into Supercomputing
Sierra is expected to be the second-fastest supercomputer with 125 petaflops of processing power that runs on Linux. This generates a lot of interest in supercomputing advancements, with Linux being an integral part of the same.
The development and deployment of Linux-powered supercomputers is a trend that shows no signs of abating in the coming year. Given the flexibility and capability of Linux systems, the trend of Linux being adopted as the operating system for supercomputers is likely to continue.
Comeback of Ubuntu
Ubuntu has opted to make a strong comeback in 2020 after experiencing slight dips in popularity over the last ten years. It is modern and offers a safe working environment for users.
Ubuntu has improved on previous versions in a variety of ways, making it one of the most critical Linux trends. Faster Snap applications, easy connection with Android devices, proportional screen resizing, multitasking changes, and a new installer for streamlining the Ubuntu operating system inside machines are just a few of the anticipated features. Furthermore, future releases of Ubuntu are expected to undergo various graphical changes to make it more appealing and productive.
Linux in Cloud-based Computing
Despite the fact that Linux is already well-known for programming and development, it is expected to grow in popularity in the cloud. According to Gartner, 80% of internally produced apps use cloud computing or are cloud-native. And Linux is the most widely used operating system by enterprises in the cloud-based computing space.
Because cloud-based technologies and the Linux system are so intertwined, the Linux system is expected to grow in lockstep with the popularity of cloud-based options. Because cloud computing is almost certain to remain the centre of growth for the rest of the year, Linux is growing increasingly popular as a platform.
Like any other operating system, Linux has its ups and downs; yet, as time passes, Linux continues to evolve and improve. With each subsequent upgrade, the reasons for not using Linux become less compelling.
With moderate or basic technical skills, the majority of difficulties in Linux may be avoided or solved. The aforementioned Linux features must've helped you to know the importance of learning Linux and get started with the same.