Just eleven years ago, Video Electronics Standards Association (VESA) released the Display Port 1.0 standard with an 8.64Gbit/s data rate. Since then, multiple improvements have been made, but not as large as the ones announced last week. VESA unveiled the new DisplayPort 2.0 specification with the max payload of 77.37Gbps. It is expected to start shipping with monitors in late 2020.
The new near 80Gbps max bandwidth is 10 times of that of the original DisplayPort 1.0 and 3x more than its latest update (i.e. DisplayPort 1.4) to the standard. These improvements will allow the port to be the first to support 8K resolution (i.e. 7680x4320) at 60Hz refresh rate with full-color 4:4:4 resolution and HDR. These upgrades can be enjoyed over both the native DP connector as well as the USB-C connector via DP Alt Mode. Since USB-C provides a single connector for USB data, video data and power, the high data rates supported by DP 2.0 allows the users to use only one wire for power, SuperSpeed USB data and super-high-resolution video.
The high-bandwidth connector provides a great amount of versatility and configurations for high-resolutions and refresh rates. Here are some configurations DP 2.0 will support as envisioned by VESA:
Single display resolutions:
- One 16K (15360x8460) display running at 60Hz and 30 bpp 4:4:4 HDR (with DSC)
- One 10K (10240x4320) display running at 60Hz and 24 bpp 4:4:4 (no compression)
Dual display resolutions:
- Two 8K (7680×4320) displays running at 120Hz and 30 bpp 4:4:4 HDR (with DSC)
- Two 4K (3840×2160) displays running at 144Hz and 24 bpp 4:4:4 (no compression)
Triple display resolutions:
- Three 10K (10240×4320) displays running at 60Hz and 30 bpp 4:4:4 HDR (with DSC)
- Three 4K (3840×2160) displays running at 90Hz and 30 bpp 4:4:4 HDR (no compression)
Although it’s highly unlikely that manufacturers will take advantage of the 10K and 16K resolutions in the near future, being able to run two and even three displays in 4K resolution off a single connector will open new doors for custom-built display configurations.
With Dell’s UltraSharp 32 8K monitor already available and Apple’s 6K monitor announced recently, this new standard arrived just in time for the industry to shift past 4K monitors.