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How to check and find the CentOS version?

Did you forget what your CentOS version is? With a few commands you can easily check and find the CentOS version.

27 Jun, 21 by Antoniy Yushkevych 8 min Read

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There are many reasons why you would want to know the operating system version you are running on your computer or server. Can a certain program be installed? How to fix a specific error? Should the OS be updated to a newer version? These questions among many others will require you to know the version of the operating system on your machine. Today, we will be showing you how to find the operating system version on CentOS but before we delve any further, let us first get to know a little more about CentOS.

 

CentOS is a free community support platform for computing that is based on Linux. Red Hat Enterprise joined officially with Linux in 2014. This open-source operating system is famous among administrators, DevOps engineers, and even among general users at home. However, CentOS is most commonly used among many organizations for development and production purposes.

CentOS allows you to:

  • Perform common everyday tasks.
  • Use the Linux command line.
  • Get a firewall.
  • Get a web server.
  • Folders sharing and running.
  • Security-enhanced Linux (SELinux).
  • Additional level security.

These features among many others make CentOS a very attractive platform for users from many different fields of IT and cybersecurity, as well as general computer users.

 

As mentioned previously, there are a lot of reasons why you will need to find the CentOS version, however, the most common ones are as follows:

  • When you want to troubleshoot your system for some error, you need to know the version of your system to look for the compatible app or problem solution pack.
  • When you want to keep your system up-to-date.
  • When you want to save your system from potential security risks, you need an updated firewall for flawless protection.
  • If you are new to using CentOS and need some expert advice from the internet, you need to mention the OS version you are using on your system.
  • When you will need to run a disk cleanup.
  • There are frequent updates launched at particular times for CentOS, if you don’t know about the current version you are using on your system you won’t be able to know when and how to update your OS.
  • When adding extra IPs to a VPS server

 

The CentOS version has three parts. For example: if you see the following information in the version part. 9.2.2010

The explanation would be as follows.

  1. Major Version: 9 is the major release version number.
  2. Minor Version: 2 is the minor release version number.
  3. Monthstamp: codebase month October and year timestamp is 2020.

 

So, let's discuss how to find the version of CentOS you are using on your system. There are various ways, and you can use any of them to find out the version.

 

1. /etc/redhat-release file

The RedHat Linux distribution file also contains information about the version. To get the information, type the following command:

cat /etc/redhat-release

The following output is all you want:

CentOS Linux release 8.1.1911 (Core)

 

2. /etc/centos-release file

For the CentOS specific file type:

cat /etc/centos-release

The output will be as follows:

CentOS Linux release 8.1.1911 (Core)

 

3. /etc/system-release file

Type the following command to look for the version of CentOS:

cat /etc/system-release

You will have the following output:

CentOS Linux release 8.1.1911 (Core)

 

4. lsb_release command

You will need to install this command into your OS because this command doesn’t come preinstalled in your OS.

Write the following:

yum install redhat-lsb 

Then type this command:

lsb_release –d

You will see the following output:

Description:    CentOS Linux release 8.1.1911 (Core)

 

5. /etc/os-release file

When you want to know about the major version of your OS you need to type the following command:

cat /etc/os-release

The output you get will be detailed information regarding major serials and numbers, and will look something like this:

NAME="CentOS Linux"

VERSION="8 (Core)"

ID="centos"

ID_LIKE="rhel fedora"

VERSION_ID="8"

PLATFORM_ID="platform:el8"

PRETTY_NAME="CentOS Linux 8 (Core)"

ANSI_COLOR="0;31"

CPE_NAME="cpe:/o:centos:centos:8"

HOME_URL="https://www.centos.org/"

BUG_REPORT_URL="https://bugs.centos.org/"

 

CENTOS_MANTISBT_PROJECT="CentOS-8"

CENTOS_MANTISBT_PROJECT_VERSION="8"

REDHAT_SUPPORT_PRODUCT="centos"

REDHAT_SUPPORT_PRODUCT_VERSION="8"

 

6. rpm macro

This simplest macro evaluation is enough to give you the right answer as well. Just type:

rpm -E %{rhel}

You will see:

8

You can also use the following command:

rpm --eval %{centos_ve}

The output will be the same as before:

 

7. rpm query

Use rpm CentOS release to know the answer to your question.

Type:

rpm -q centos-release

The output will be as follows:

centos-release-8.1-1.1911.0.8.el8.x86_64

 

8. hostnamectl command

You can use the hostnamectl command in the following way to get the system information:

hostnamectl

Here is the output:

   Static hostname: localhost.localdomain

Transient hostname: li1176-240.members.linode.com

         Icon name: computer-vm

           Chassis: vm

        Machine ID: c2a4bfa7e0c74457b3a978656ab959e8

           Boot ID: c89bae2d3ec7493987a455bfa15e4818

    Virtualization: kvm

  Operating System: CentOS Linux 7 (Core)

       CPE OS Name: cpe:/o:centos:centos:7

            Kernel: Linux 3.10.0-1062.12.1.el7.x86_64

      Architecture: x86-64

To see only the OS version, type:

 hostnamectl | grep "Operating System"

And you will see:

  Operating System: CentOS Linux 7 (Core)

 

9. Running Kernel version

When you want to know about CentOS kernel architecture, use one of the following ways:

Input:

# uname -s -r

Output:

Linux 3.10.0-693.21.1.el7.x86_64

Input:

# uname -a

Output:

Linux geeklab 3.10.0-693.21.1.el7.x86_64 #1 SMP Wed Mar 7 19:03:37 UTC 2018 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux

 

Kernel compile time

(uname -v) with known value:

Input:

# uname –v

Output:

#1 SMP Wed Mar 7 19:03:37 UTC 2018

 

10. Check with GRUB configuration files

This is the most uncommon way to check for the version of CentOS on your system.

CentOS 7 Example

Input:

# cat /boot/grub2/grub.cfg | grep -w menuentry

Output:

menuentry 'CentOS Linux (3.10.0-693.21.1.el7.x86_64) 7 (Core)' --class centos --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os --unrestricted $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-3.10.0-693.21.1.el7.x86_64-advanced-0f790447-ebef-4ca0-b229-d0aa1985d57f' {

menuentry 'CentOS Linux (3.10.0-693.17.1.el7.x86_64) 7 (Core)' --class centos --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os --unrestricted $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-3.10.0-693.17.1.el7.x86_64-advanced-0f790447-ebef-4ca0-b229-d0aa1985d57f' {

Another version for the grub file:

Input:

# grep saved_entry /boot/grub2/grubenv

Output:

saved_entry=CentOS Linux (3.10.0-693.21.1.el7.x86_64) 7 (Core)

 

CentOS 6 Example

Input:

# cat /boot/grub/grub.conf | grep title

Output:

title CentOS (2.6.32-696.20.1.el6.x86_64)

title CentOS (2.6.32-696.18.7.el6.x86_64)

 

Throughout this blog, we have given you the most common and uncommon ways to check the version of CentOS and Kernel you have installed on your system. Use any of them and know the answer to your million-dollar question. Let us know how these steps helped you in the comments below.

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Antoniy Yushkevych

Master of word when it comes to technology, internet and privacy. I'm also your usual guy that always aims for the best result and takes a skateboard to work. If you need me, you will find me at the office's Counter-Strike championships on Fridays or at a.yushkevych@monovm.com