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.bio Domain Name

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{{TLD| |logo = DotBioLogo.png |status = |manager = |country = |language = |translation = |registryprovider = [[Afilias]] |registrations = |date = |type = [[gTLD|Generic]] |category = |community = |website = [http://www.domains.bio/ domains.bio] |twitter = dot_bio |priority = |keypeople = }} '''.bio''' is a [[gTLD]] delegated to the [[Root Zone|DNS Root Zone]] in [[ICANN]]'s [[New gTLD Program]] on 2 June 2014.[http://newgtlds.icann.org/en/program-status/delegated-strings Delegated Strings, ICANN.org] Retrieved 15 April 2014 [[Afilias]] is the [[registry]] operator for the gTLD. It was originally managed by [[Starting Dot]] until Afilias acquired the company and its rights to .bio and two other gTLDs ([[.archi]] and [[.ski]]) in August 2016[http://afilias.info/news/2016/08/08/afilias-acquires-premium-tlds-archi-bio-and-ski Afilias Acquires Premium TLDs .ARCHI, .BIO and .SKI] ==Meaning== As a stand-alone word, “bio” means “life” generally, and as a prefix ‘bio’ precedes dozens of words ranging from biography to bioclimatology, biodegradable, biodynamics, bioengineering, biomedical, biometrics, biosystematics, biotelemetry, etc. However, “bio” means “organic”, as in organic farming, in over 10 languages covering 52 nations. Thus, to respect the European Union's standards for 'bio' /organic food, this open TLD will have regulations in place for registrants intending to use it as a space for organic food products. The rest of the non-organic related TLD will not be regulated.[http://www.dot-bio.net/about/ About, Dot-Bio.net] [http://domainincite.com/another-contention-battle-confirmed-as-starting-dot-reveals-five-gtld-bids/ Another contention battle confirmed as Starting Dot reveals five gTLD bids] [http://startingdot.com/site/our-top-level-domains/ Our Top Level Domains-.bio] ==Background== ===GAC Early Warning=== The French [[GAC]] representative issued a [[GAC]] Early Warning regarding the application. The warning system is noted as a strong recommendation on behalf of national governments to the [[ICANN Board]] that a given TLD application should be denied as it stands. Applicants are encouraged to work with objecting GAC members.[http://newgtlds.icann.org/en/applicants/gac-early-warning GAC Early Warning, NewgTLDS.ICANN.org] Retrieved 27 Nov 2012 The French warning notes the wide range of international standards on agricultural products and organic food, and consequently believes that the TLD can not be implemented unless it is not at all used to denote material related to organic agriculture. It warns of consumer harm or confusion if the TLD were to be implemented.[https://gacweb.icann.org/download/attachments/22938690/Bio-FR-94806.pdf?version=1&modificationDate=1353453417000 Bio FR, GACweb.ICANN.org] ===European Commission Communiqué=== The [[European Commission]] flagged the application for .bio outside of ICANN's defined remediation processes. Just after ICANN's [[GAC]] issued its Early Warnings, which are advice given from one GAC member country to an applicant warning it of potential issues within its application, the [[European Commission]] issued a letter to all applicants within the New gTLD Program. The letter highlights 58 applications that "could raise issues of compatibility with the existing legislation .. and/or with policy positions and objectives of the European Union." It notes a desire to open a dialogue with each offending applicant. The Commission specifically notes that this objection is not a part of the GAC Early Warning process, and goes on to note that "the Commission does not consider itself legally bound to ICANN processes," given that there is not legal agreement between the two bodies.[http://domainincite.com/docs/20121127093808906.pdf DomainIncite.com/Docs] Published 27 Nov 2012, Retrieved 11 Dec 2012[http://domainincite.com/11130-europe-rejects-icanns-authority-as-it-warns-of-problems-with-58-new-gtlds Europe Rejects ICANNs Authority As it Warns of Problems with 58 New gTLDs, DomainIncite.com] Published 27 Nov 2012, Retrieved 11 Dec 2012 ===Community Objection=== The Biotechnology Industry Organization filed a [[Community Objection|community objection]] against this application.[http://www.iccwbo.org/products-and-services/arbitration-and-adr/expertise/icann-new-gtld-dispute-resolution/pending-cases/ Pending Cases, ICC.ICANN.org]Retrieved 15 May 2013 This objection was later withdrawn by the objector.[http://newgtlds.icann.org/en/program-status/odr/determination Objection Determinations, ICANN.org] Retrieved 05 Nov 2013 ===Legal Rights Objection=== The Biotechnology Industry Organization also filed a [[New gTLD Objection|Legal Rights Objection]] against this application. [[WIPO]] panelist Christopher J. Pibus determined that the applicant prevailed, and the objection was dismissed. The panelist decided that: "the Objector has failed to make out its case under the first criteria of Section 3.5.2 of the Guidebook. The evidence does not establish that the Respondent’s use of the <.bio> string will take unfair advantage of the distinctive character or reputation of the Objector’s BIO trade-marks."[http://newgtlds.icann.org/en/program-status/odr/determination Objections Determinations, ICANN.org] Retrieved 05 Nov 2013 ==Contract Signed== On 6 March 2014 Starting Dot received a [[Registry Agreement]] signed by ICANN for .bio after passing all the required processes needed to become a Registry Operator for the string.[http://www.icann.org/en/about/agreements/registries-date Registry Agreements, ICANN.org] Retrieved 4 June 2014 ==References== {{reflist}} [[Category:TLD]] [[Category:Industry New gTLDs|bio]] [[Category:TLDs with Registry Agreements|bio]]

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Registrar Details

BIO Domain Name
Introduced
2014
Contacts
Afilias plc
4th Floor, International House, 3 Harbourmaster Pl., IFSC
Dublin, D01 K8F1
IE
Tel
+ 35318541100
Fax
+ 35317918569
Email
support@afilias.info
http
//www.afilias.info/contact us
Registry Website
https://whois.nic.bio/
Register Renew Transfer
$64.67 USD $64.67 USD $64.67 USD