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21

Aug, 19

Traceroute on MikroTik

In this article we want to learn about Traceroute on MikroTik. It is a command-line program which assists in troubleshooting network connectivity issues by using echo packets to trace the route. This tool is used to check hops (i.e. the way that packets take to the endpoint). Traceroute helps us figure out the packets' path and locating the disconnected hops. Here is a small guide on how to use it: Connect to router with Winbox Select “Traceroute” from “Tools” menu or enter the following command: /tool traceroute In the newly opened window, you can edit...

15

May, 19

At first, maybe we think the time and date is not important but after we get more experience we know that the time and date is the most important thing in every system. With a correct date and time we will have a correct log file and even have the possibility to trade between other servers or devices. Follow the steps below to set time and date in MikroTik: At first login to your MikroTik via Winbox. Choose “Clock” from “system” menu.   In the first tab, you can set the time. Available options are defined below: Time: the current time of the device. Date:...

17

Apr, 19

If you are an admin of a network, you should always monitor the network and know what goes on in it. Monitoring is the responsibility for each network admin. To do so, MikroTik provides an application named Dude that allows you to monitor your network. Here is a short tutorial on how to install Dude on MikroTik. At first download the dude package (.npk) and the dude client (.exe) from MikroTik software download page (https://www.mikrotik.com/download).   Connect to the MikroTik OS via Winbox. Open files upload the .npk file to the host. Reboot the device to complete the installation...

10

Apr, 19

As we know, every device requires updates to work correctly and fix bugs. Updates are released in order to fix system bugs or even make the system more powerful through optimization. MikroTik routers like every device, can receive updates. If you have MikroTik router, please follow the below steps to update your operating system. Login to your mikrotik via Winbox. Select system and click on packages. In opened window, click on check for updates. A new window appears and you can select the version of the packages. It is recommemded to use the latest stable and tested verion. Testing and...

In order to reach maximum productivity, you want to have the time on all the machines in your network synced. It is most efficient to set up a NTP server on the MikroTik router which will automatically update its time using the internet and share it with the other devices connected to the router. To enable this feature, we must edit 2 configurations. First, the router should update its date and time from an internet NTP server. Then we should make the router broadcast this date and time to other devices on the network. Follow the below steps to configure your NTP server. Click on system...

Suppose that you use Mikrotik and wish to connect via SSH to another Linux server. You can do so through the MikroTik terminal by following the steps in this article. First login to the MikroTik VPS Or Server via Winbox and open the terminal from the panel on the left. In the opened window, type the following command: /system ssh [IP] user=[username] [IP] is where you should enter the server's IP and [username] is where you should enter the username of the user you will login with. Press enter and input the user's password in order to connect to the...

17

Mar, 19

MikroTik bandwidth test

In MikroTik devices you can test the bandwidth to where you are linked. To test and ensure that the bandwidth is clear and reliable, follow the steps below to run the test. After logging to MikroTik Server, go to the tools> Bandwidth test menu. In opened window you see some options that are descripted in below: Test To: Destination IP address that you want to see the bandwidth with. Protocol: select the test protocol such as UDP and TCP. Direction: select send or receive bandwidth test User and pass: if the destination node have username and password, enter to the...

17

Mar, 19

Some applications or sites can scan your MikroTik operating system and gain detailed reports about the ports in use (or free). In order to avoid these reports we should know those IP's and block them. Follow the steps below to add specific regulations to drop these connections. At first we should know what type of connections are used for scanning. For this we add a rule to detect the IPs. Open IP> firewall and select “filter rules” tab and click on “+”. In the opened window select chain as “input” and protocol type set on “6(tcp)”. Switch...

17

Mar, 19

In order to have unauthorized access, hackers need to have basic information in order to penetrate a system. Including but not limited to operating system, username, different access's to the system. The operating system can hardly be hidden from the point of view of the hacker. But things such as username and ports which by default have values, can be changed which makes entering MikroTik (or other systems) complicated. By default, MikroTik uses the admin's name, and this makes it easy for the hacker to start the brute force password in the simplest case. We have previously published a...

06

Mar, 19

To add and get acquainted with setting up the DNS to all MikroTik Router: select IP > DNS. A window will be opened as shown below: Servers: you can add DNS servers IP Dynamic servers: if you use a dynamic server for DNS, enter IP in this field. Allow remote requests: with enabling this check box, the MikroTik will work as a DNS server. Note that DNS setting in MikroTik is a cache DNS and resolves all DNS request to external...